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Complete Guide To Canadian Permanent Residency In 2024.

In recent years, Canada has become the number one destination for individuals seeking new opportunities, a better quality of life, and a diverse cultural experience. With its welcoming immigration policies and robust economy, Canada continues to attract people from all corners of the globe, including Nigeria. Canada plans to welcome 485,000 permanent residents in 2024, creating exciting opportunities for ambitious Nigerians like you. But with various pathways and ever-changing requirements, navigating the immigration process can feel overwhelming. Here’s a complete guide to Canadian Permanent Residency.

Step 1: Determine Your Eligibility To Canadian Permanent Residency

Canada offers several paths to PR, each with its own eligibility criteria and application process. Here are the most popular options for Nigerians:

  • Express Entry: The most popular route for skilled workers. You create an online profile, earn points based on factors like education, work experience, and language skills, and compete with other applicants for invitations to apply.
  • Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs): Each Canadian province has its own PNP, offering targeted immigration streams for specific occupations or regional needs. Aligning your skills with a PNP can significantly boost your chances.
  • Study Pathway: Pursue higher education in Canada! Graduates with Canadian degrees and work experience gain an edge in the PR race. It can be a costlier option, but the investment opens doors to attractive career prospects and permanent residency.
  • Family Sponsorship: If you have close family members already residing in Canada as citizens or permanent residents, they can sponsor your immigration application.
  • Business Programs: For entrepreneurial Nigerians, Canada offers programs for investors, entrepreneurs, and self-employed individuals.

Step 2: Gather Documents 

Prepare all the required documents, like identity documents, language proficiency test results (IELTS, TEF, CELPIP, PTE), educational credentials, work experience documents, and more. Each immigration program has specific document requirements. 

Step 3: Calculate Points (for Express Entry) 

For Express Entry and some PNPs, you need to calculate your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. Age, education, work experience, and language skills are some factors that go into calculating CRS. Higher scores increase your chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA). You can use this tool to calculate your CRS points.

Step 4: Create an Express Entry Profile

If you’re applying through Express Entry, create an online profile and provide accurate information about your skills, work experience, education, and language ability. Once submitted, you will enter the Express Entry pool. Create a profile here.

Step 5: Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residency

With a high CRS score, you’ll receive an ITA from IRCC. ITA is an official invitation to apply for Canadian PR. You usually have 60 days to submit your PR application after receiving an ITA.

Step 6: Submit Your Canadian Permanent Residency Application 

Fill out the PR application forms accurately and provide all required documents. Pay the required processing fees. IRCC will review your application after you submit the form.

Step 7: Additional requirements 

You and your family must undergo medical examinations and obtain police clearance certificates to prove you’re admissible to Canada. Also, provide your biometrics (fingerprints and passport photo) at a designated centre.

Step 8: Wait for PR Approval 

The processing time for PR applications varies depending on the program and the number of applications in the queue. While waiting, IRCC may require you to provide additional information or attend an interview.

Step 9: Receive Confirmation of Canadian Permanent Residency 

If your application is approved, you’ll receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residency (COPR) and a Permanent Resident Visa. You must enter Canada before the expiry date on your visa.

Step 10: Move to Canada 

When you arrive in Canada, present your COPR and PR Visa to a Canadian immigration officer. They will finalize your PR process and issue your PR card.

Step 11: Apply for a PR Card 

Once you’re in Canada, apply for your PR card. It is your official proof of permanent residency.

Important Considerations:
  • Processing times: Applications can take several months, so plan and be patient.
  • Costs: Factor in application fees, medical examinations, and potential legal fees.
  • Language skills: Proficiency in English or French is crucial for most programs.


Navigating the pathways to Canadian Permanent Residency requires careful planning, determination, and adherence to immigration regulations. Whether through Express Entry, family sponsorship, entrepreneurship, or the study pathway, Nigerians can access diverse opportunities to make Canada their home. By understanding the requirements and procedures outlined in this guide, individuals can embark on their journey towards Canadian Permanent Residency with confidence and optimism for a better future.

Remember, each pathway has its own eligibility criteria and application processes. So, it is essential to research and consult with immigration professionals to determine the best course of action based on individual circumstances. With perseverance and perseverance, the dream of a Canadian Permanent Residency can become a reality for many Nigerians in 2024 and beyond.

Disclaimer: This guide is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Always consult with an Immigration Professional for personalized guidance.


Author Chinwe

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